5 Things You Never Knew About Artistic Gymnastics

How much do you know about artistic gymnastics? 
 
1. The modern day Men’s Artistic Gymnastics was the first form of gymnastics
It was created by Friedrich Ludwig Jahn (1778-1852), who is considered the founding father of the sport. 
 

2. Long jump and high jump were originally part of a gymnastics routine
This changed to athletic events in the inaugural Modern Olympics in 1886 with apparatus such as pommel and rings introduced. 

3. Scores are made up by the following formula: Difficulty Score – Execution Score = Final Score

Difficulty is how hard the skills performed are. Each routine is made up of a series of elements. Each skill within those element groups has a value. 
Element Groups + Value of each Skill = Difficulty Score. 

Execution is how well each skill is performed in the routine. They can range from 0.1 (bent knee) through to 1.0 (fall off the beam). 
 



4. Australia first competed in the Olympics for Artistic Gymnastics in 1956 
Only Men’s Artistic athletes competed, with NSW athlete Bruce Sharpe learning his routines from equipment he built in his backyard. 

5. Leotards originated in France
The leotard (or maillot as it was first known) was named after popular a French trapeze artist from the 19th century. His name was Jules Léotard and he who wore the form-fitting outfit during his performances, although he wasn't the inventor he popularised the leotard and it was named after him.